Agriculture

The term “Agriculture” may be defined as the art of science of growing plants and the raising of animals for food, other human needs or economic gain.

Agriculture has been associated with production of essential food crops. At present, agriculture above and beyond farming includes forestry, dairy, fruit cultivation, poultry, bee keeping, mushroom, arbitrary, etc. Today, processing, marketing and distribution of crops are all acknowledged as part of current agriculture. Thus, agriculture could be referred to as the production, processing, promotion and distribution agricultural products. Agriculture plays a critical role in economy. Agriculture is the backbone of economic system of a country. In addition to providing food and raw material, agriculture also provides employment opportunities to very large percentage of population.

Agriculture can be classified as Sustainable agriculture, urban agriculture, conservation agriculture, Organic agriculture, Industrial agriculture, Precision agriculture, Bio dynamic or Ecological agriculture etc. Precision Farming is a new technology that allows farmers to look at their fields more site specifically than before and apply inputs in a manner more specific than a blanket application. Precision farming is generally defined as information and technology based farm management system to identify, analyze and manage variability within fields for optimum profitability, sustainability and protection of the land resource. This technology saves money while holding or enhancing yield output of the field. Environmental pollution is also being reduced using this method. Precision agriculture uses Information and communication Technology (ICT) to cover the three aspects of production namely for data collection of information input through options as Global Positioning System (GPS) satellite data, grid soil sampling, yield monitoring, remote sensing, etc.; for data analysis or processing through Geographic Information System (GIS) and decision technologies as process models, artificial intelligence systems, and expert systems; and for application of information by farmers.

Research and Development in Agriculture

Clean Green Bio Research Foundation (CGBRF) focuses on the development of new agricultural inputs that are ecofriendly, safe and economical.